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Home > Glossary of Terms > Hammer Toes
Hammer Toes

Glossary of Podiatric Terms

Achilles Tendonitis

Arch Pain / Arch Strain

Arthritis

Athlete's Foot

Bunions (Bunionettes)

Calluses

Claw Toes

Corns

The Diabetic Foot

Hammer Toes

Definition

A hammer toe is a toe that is contracted at the PIP joint (middle joint in the toe), potentially leading to severe pressure and pain. Ligaments and tendons that have tightened cause the toe's joints to curl downwards. Hammer toes may occur in any toe except the big toe. There is often discomfort at the top part of the toe due to rubbing against the shoe.

Hammer toes are classified based on the mobility of the toe joints. There are two types - flexible and rigid. In a flexible hammer toe, the joint has the ability to move. This type of hammer toe can be straightened manually. A rigid hammer toe does not have that same ability to move. Movement is very limited and can be extremely painful. This sometimes causes foot movement to become restricted leading to extra stress at the ball-of-the-foot, and possibly causing pain and the development of corns and calluses. Follow this link to learn more about hammer toe products.

Cause

Hammer toes result from a muscle imbalance which causes the ligaments and tendons to become unnaturally tight. This results in the joint curling downward. Arthritis can also lead to many different forefoot deformities, including hammer toes.

Treatment and Prevention

Changing the type of footwear worn is a very important step in the treatment of hammer toes. When choosing a shoe, make sure the toe box (toe area) is high and broad, and can accommodate the hammer toes. A shoe with a high, broad toe box will provide enough room in the forefoot area so that there is less friction against the toes.

Other conservative treatments include using forefoot products designed to relieve hammer toes, such as hammer toe crests and hammer toe splints. These devices will help hold down the hammer toe and provide relief to the forefoot. Gel toe shields and gel toe caps are also recommended to eliminate friction between the shoe and the toe, while providing comfort and lubrication.

If the problem persists, consult your foot doctor.

This information is for educational purposes ONLY. Only a qualified Doctor can make a medical recommendation for treatment or diagnosis. We do not claim that our products cure any medical condition. The foot has very complex anatomy so there can be many different reasons to explain what is causing your feet to hurt, and some problems can cause more to arise. For this reason, you should always consult a doctor for a correct diagnosis or recommendation for insoles, especially if your pain is severe, worsens, or persists, even with the aid of insoles.

Heel Fissures (Cracked Heels)

Heel Pain

Heel Spurs

Ingrown Toenails

Mallet Toes

Metatarsalgia

Mortons Neuroma

Mortons Toe

Neuropathy

Overlapping Toes

Over Pronation (Flat Feet)

Plantar Fasciitis

Post-Tib Tendonitis

Pregnancy & Feet

Sesamoiditis

Shin Splints

Toenail Fungus

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Foot Health Resources

Layman's Guide to Insoles Plantar Fasciitis & Heel Pain Blog Arch Supports - Do I need them? Foot Pain Identifier Glossary of Foot Health Terms


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